Annotated Bibliographies


These are the sources that introduce child obesity and some that include how obesity in children can be obsolete. These sources were selected because they provide substantial information on obese problems, how to get the best help to a better lifestyle, and where people went wrong and how to undo those wrongdoings. These sources include research from professionals, doctors, and health physicians. Obesity is an issue that is going to last for a while and harm children, that will soon be adults, in the next several years.


Parents feeding their child unhealthy foods in order to calm the child’s behavior.


McGuinness, Rachel. “Obesity in children – an ever-Increasing debate.” Zest Lifestyle, 24 Nov. 2015, Accessed 1 Oct. 2017.

McGuinness, the author, has been trained in cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia and she has background in nutritional and personal fitness, hypnotherapy, and neurolinguistic programming. This source talks about how there are many reasons why children are obese and will continue to remain obese throughout this generation. McGuinness’s specific purpose is to inform anyone who is obese or knows someone that is obese to be aware of the long-term symptoms that come with obesity, and to know that the affects are hard to cope with in life such as heart disease and diabetes. Besides informing her audience about obesity, she wants to expose the issues that may have the highest potential of increasing obesity in children. This article will benefit a teenager(facing obesity) and the parents(whose child is obese) because it will give both perspectives some insight to why they need to find help as soon as possible.

This photo goes beyond child obesity and the main concern about children eating too much food. This image says that children are now eating anything these days. (Flickr, Eugene La, 2012)


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Healthy Schools.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 25 Jan. 2017,

The author of this scholarly article is the CDC Control and Prevention which conducts and supports health promotion for the general public. The CDC article provides a scholarly outlook on diseases and conditions because they provide up-to-date statistics and data about diseases and more. In this certain article that mentions obesity in children, the CDC control and prevention uses statistics, causes of obesity, and key sources to inform kids, suffering from obesity, about the problem and how to solve it. In this case, the article is targeting children that have the specific/certain factors that they have listed in the article. This article includes links that will be beneficial to people who want to help prevent child obesity, parents of an obese child, and to the children themselves. 

Pica, Rae. “Who’s Responsible for the Childhood Obesity Crisis?” The Huffington Post,, 27 Aug. 2015,

The author of the article, Pica, is an educational consultant and specializes in educating the children’s physical activity. Pica uses qualifications from other researchers such as, “SERMO[(the leading global social network for physicians)] (paragraph 2)” and from “the World Health Organization(paragraph 3).” The author uses statistics from profound organizations to convince her audience that she is accurate about her assumption about the parents in the children’s lives. The author’s text wants to bring the issue of responsibility and drastic change into the world for children, and her specific intended audience would include parents that are guilty of letting their child/children get obese. Someone who would find this source useful would include other researchers who are interested in this controversy so they can collect more information to provide to the public. 

Username: Mikaelakt. “Childhood Obesity Is a Form of Child Abuse.” Online Debate: Childhood Obesity Is a Form of Child Abuse. |,

This source includes a debate between Mikaela(who believes child obesity is not anyone’s fault) and someone who believes that obesity is the kid’s and parent’s fault. Throughout this article, the audience gets a sense of important key terms for child obesity, how it affects the child physically and mentally, and how it is preposterous for people to blame the children on their obesity. This source elaborates on the debate of child obesity in a different way because the audience gets a sense of two debating sides that have completely different view points. Both sides provide great refutes and information that can leave someone interested in the issue to be moderate on the issue. This article would be most beneficial to someone who does not necessarily have a perspective on child obesity but wants to choose a side in the future.

O’Dea, Jennifer A. “Prevention of child obesity: ‘First, do no harm’ | Health Education Research | Oxford Academic.” OUP Academic, Oxford University Press,24Aug.2004,

The author of this article is O’Dea, whom is a public health professional and completed studies on overweight and thinness in children. In her “Prevention of child obesity”, she introduces reasonable government messages, marketing techniques, and healthly education. The author of this text uses specialized knowledge beyond the “simple” issue of childhood obesity. The author’s specific purpose it to help obese children avoid all the negative signs that are surrounding them, helping them make bad decisions when it comes to eating and living properly. The author’s article is intended for teachers to implement healthy programs for kids and for parents who need to support their children to do physical activities.

Joseph L. Mahoney and Heather Lord. “Afterschool Program Participation and the Development of Child Obesity and Peer Acceptance.” Taylor & Francis,

This source was uploaded by Mahoney and Lord whom are both physical educators and sport pedagogy and wrote in their article, “ASP Participation and the Development of Child Obesity and Peer Acceptance.”, informs the audience that not only are children showing signs of obesity, but they are also remaining the same way throughout adolescents. This article provides research-study evidence that proves that children’s rates of obesity are increasing as they get older. “Rates of obesity were [at] 22% at baseline (M age = 4.9) and [then] 29% at follow-up (M age = 8.1)”(Abstract, sixth line). This article is beneficial for youth organizations that are interested in help shape children’s lives. This article would be most useful to daycares that support children from the ages of 1-10 because those seem to be the years that obesity first starts to surface in children.

This image reflects a child that is putting on a facade(smiling) in order to take a picture. #obesityisthenewnormal (Flickr, ruth230, 2010).

Hippel, Paul T. von, and Ramzi W. Nahhas. “Extending the History of Child Obesity in the United States: The Fels Longitudinal Study, Birth Years 1930 to 1993.” Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), U.S. National Library of Medicine, Oct. 2013,

This source is by Von whom has a Ph.D public health and has done over fourteen studies that involve the obesity in children. In his, “Extending the History of Child Obesity in the United States”, mentions strategies and methods that can decrease child obesity in the United States. There are objectives, methods, results, and conclusions in the article to come to a solution for the increase in obesity which makes his research very analytical with its  up-to-date research tactics and solutions. This article mainly pertains to researchers that are adding more information to this site annually for the general public to get a better understanding. The author’s specific purpose is to provide references for other researches to aide the recent/past research.

Harvard T.H. Chan. “Healthy Eating Plate & Healthy Eating Pyramid.” The Nutrition Source, 24 Aug. 2017,

Harvard T.H. Chan(school of public health/the nutrition source), is a faculty that commits themselves to research for improvement of lives for others and health of people everywhere. This source provides images and background information on the healthy eating plate(aka the food pyramid) and how it is supposed to be viewed and used in everyone’s day-to-day eating routine. The issue is: no one is following the chart anymore. The specific purpose of the source is to inform people to make the most out of their meals by incorporating vegetables and fruits into their daily eating routine. Children would find the source useful because it explains how important food is in picture format. Therefore, that makes it easier for kids to understand and follow what the pyramid is presenting.

Keller, Simone K., and Peter J. Schulz. “Distorted Food Pyramid in Kids Programmes: A Content Analysis of Television Advertising Watched in Switzerland | European Journal of Public Health | Oxford Academic.” OUP Academic, Oxford University Press, 17 May 2010,

Keller has. a Ph.D in communication and health. She has several publications, on child obesity, published on Oxford Academic, PubMed, and Google Scholar. The author uses statistical evidence to influence her audience that food commercials are sending kids the wrong message concerning what they should eat.  The author’s specific purpose it to state her claim that there is evidence that food commercials influence children’s food preference, choice of food selection which is leading link to childhood obesity. This article would be most useful to educational professionals that would help obese children lose weight.

Jeanne P. Goldberg. “The Obesity Crisis: Don’t Blame It on the Pyramid.” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Elsevier, 20 June 2004,!

Goldberg has a PhD nutrition communication and is the director for School of Nutrition Science and Policy. The author uses a perspective in practice research technique to provide information on the obesity crisis. The author’s specific purpose is to persuade the audience that the food pyramid is the most recognized nutrition educational tools for children. The criticism is irrelevant due to the comprehensive and behavior modification techniques to influence children to see/eat better portions of food. This source is specifically for data analysis purposes and for people who want to gather results to get a better understanding of the issue in order to make change.